Golf in Drenthe
Drenthe is a great place for golfers and has a wide selection of terrific golf courses. Don’t have your GVB permit yet but would still like a game of golf? No problem in Drenthe. If you like golf but prefer a less daunting challenge, then you should try out our pitch and putt courses or mini golf courses.
The golf courses in Drenthe are all situated in the middle of the beautiful countryside, surrounded by woods and lakes. The perfect place for a round of golf or a golfing holiday. Drenthe even has golf complexes where you can stay overnight and wake up to the inviting sight of the perfect fairways, a ‘must’ for every golfer!
Pitch and Putt, farmersgolf, mini golf and more… An afternoon of golf with the family or friends? In Drenthe there are plenty of options, including pitch and putt and mini golf courses. But there are even more variations on the game of golf in Drenthe. For example, farmersgolf courses, where you hit the ball using a clog on a stick. Footballers are find footgolf great fun. A form of golf unique to Drenthe is turfgolf a variation on farmersgolf. Whichever one you prefer… if the weather’s right it is always great fun.
Assen Race Track
The original Assen track was first used for the 1925 Dutch TT (Tourist Trophy) race, held on country roads through the villages of Borger, Schoonloo and Grolloo, and organized by the Motorclub Assen en Omstreken. The brick-paved track had a length of 17.75 miles (28.57 km). The winner was Piet van Wijngaarden on a 500 cc Norton with an average speed of 91.4 kilometers per hour (56.8 mph).
In years afterwards the Dutch TT was held on a road circuit through de Haar, Barteldbocht (near Assen), Oude Tol, Hooghalen, Laaghalen and Laaghalerveen.
In 1951 the Italian Umberto Masetti took the record on a 500 cc Gilera with an average speed of 100.88 miles per hour (162.35 km/h). In 1954, Geoff Duke of Great Britain reached 106.06 miles per hour (170.69 km/h). The circuit remained unchanged until 1955, when a whole new circuit was built close to the site of the original, but less than a third of the length and much more like a modern road racing circuit.
The circuit was fundamentally redesigned again in 2006, becoming the so-called A-Style Assen TT Circuit. All alterations aside, only one section of the circuit is original; the finish line never moved.
On September 21, 2009 it was announced that a new chicane will be added, after a request from the A1GP organization, however A1GP was unable to start the 2009-'10 season and as a substitute the Superleague Formula replaced A1GP.
On 15 December 1938, the Dutch government closed its border to refugees. From then on, any refugees would not have any rights. In 1939, the Dutch government erected a refugee camp, Centraal Vluchtelingenkamp Westerbork, financed, ironically, partly by Dutch Jewry, in order to absorb fleeing Jews from Nazi Germany. The Jewish refugees were housed after they had tried in vain to escape Nazi terror in their homeland.
During World War II, the Nazis took over the camp and turned it into a deportation camp. From this camp, 101,000 Dutch Jews and about 5,000 German Jews were deported to their deaths in Occupied Poland. In addition, there were about 400 Gypsies in the camp and, at the very end of the War, some 400 women from the resistance movement.
In 1950, the Dutch government appointed the Jewish historian Jacques Presser to investigate the events connected with the massive deportation of Dutch Jewry and the extent of the collaboration by the Dutch non-Jewish population. The results were published fifteen years later in The Catastrophe ("De Ondergang"), a book which shocked the reading public and had a profound and lasting effect on the Dutch perception of the war years.
Presser also published a novel (The Night of the Girondins) set in Westerbork camp itself. The hero is a Jewish prisoner, who is appointed an officer and has the problematic role of helping the Nazis transporting his "brothers" to their obvious deaths in Occupied Poland.
Between July 1942 and September 1944, almost every Tuesday a cargo train left for the concentration camps Auschwitz-Birkenau (65 train-loads containing 60,330 people most of whom were gassed on arrival), Sobibór (19 train-loads of 34,313 people, all of whom were killed on arrival), Bergen-Belsen and Theresienstadt (9 train-loads of 4,894 people some 2,000 of whom survived the war). In the period from 1942 to 1945, a total of 107,000 people passed through the camp on a total of 93 outgoing trains. Only 5,200 of them survived, most of them in Theresienstadt or Bergen-Belsen, or were liberated at Westerbork.
Parts of a rebuilt hut at Westerbork.
Anne Frank stayed in the hut shown to the left from August until early September 1944, when she was taken to Auschwitz-Birkenau. She and her family were put on the first of the three final trains (the three final transports were most probably a reaction to the Allies' offensive) on 3 September 1944 for Auschwitz, arriving there three days later.
Etty Hillesum was interned in this camp from 30 July 1942 until 7 September 1943, when she and her family were put on a train to Auschwitz.
The German film actress and cabaret singer Dora Gerson was interned at Westerbork with her family before being sent on a transport to Auschwitz.
The Canadian 2nd Infantry Division liberated the several hundred inhabitants that were still at Westerbork on 12 April 1945. The first soldiers to reach the camp were from the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment, followed by troops of The South Saskatchewan Regiment.
Following its use in World War II, the Westerbork camp was first used as a penalty camp for alleged and accused Nazi collaborators and later housed Dutch nationals who fled the former Dutch East Indies (Indonesia). Between 1950 and 1970 the camp was renamed to Kamp Schattenberg and used to house refugees from the Maluku Islands.
Monument at Westerbork. Each individual stone represents a single person that had stayed at Westerbork and died in a Nazi concentration camp.
Model of the Westerbork concentration camp.
In the 1970s the camp was demolished. Near the site there is now a museum, and monuments of remembrance of those transported and killed during World War II. The camp is freely accessible.
Built in 1935 and completely renewed in 1970, Dierenpark Emmen is considered to be one of the finest zoos in Europe and has won various prizes. Animals live in carefully reconstructed natural habitats according to vegetation, climate, and elevation. Because of lack of space, a new, second site was opened in 1998 just outside of Emmen. The two parts of the zoo are well connected with each other and one ticket is sufficient for both parts.
The museum was founded by the King's Commissioner of Drenthe on November 28, 1854 as the Provincial Museum of Drents Antiquities.
On November 6, 2007, the museum announced that architect Erick van Egeraat was chosen to design a new extension for the museum. Total costs were estimated at eighteen million euro. From summer 2010 to summer 2011 the museum was closed. At the beginning of 2010, a new modern depot facility for around 90,000 objects and works of art was completed. The new wing was officially opened in November 2011.
National Park Drenthe
The Drentsche Aa National Landscape is a national park located in the Dutch province of Drenthe on the west side of the Hondsrug. It consists of the cultural landscape surrounding the valley of the small river the Drentsche Aa.
The landscape is currently in approximately the same as it was in the mid 19th century, as the agricultural landscape reforms of the 20th century were not implemented in this area. Because of this hedges, heathlands and traditionally managed fields ('essen' in Dutch) were spared from transformation.
Van Gogh House
The Van Gogh House in New Amsterdam / Veenoord is the only publicly accessible building in the Netherlands, where one of the most famous painters in the world, Vincent van Gogh lived and worked.
In 1883 Vincent works and lives for two months at the inn and it is the base for his expeditions through the bog. His goal is to be the 'normal' people, and especially the agricultural laborer, painting. In the Van Gogh House you are in the room where Vincent Van Gogh stayed in 1883. His bed is still in the same place, the character box is open, the paint palette ready for use. Maybe Van Gogh makes a long walk through the bog, it seems as if he can come back anytime ...
You see a movie that takes you back to 1883. You look through the eyes of Vincent van Gogh to the Southeast Drenthe then. Experience the peace and quiet of the beautiful Drenthe, such as the famous painter so lyrically described in his letters. With his drawings, paintings and letters Van Gogh has a piece of Drenthe recorded history, years before photography made its entry in this part of the Netherlands.